Bat guano’s value as a premiere fertilizer for plants has been
well-known for centuries. And scientists, including some working at Bat
Conservation International’s Bracken Bat Cave in Texas, have shown that
countless bacteria and fungi thrive on a diet of bat droppings. Now a
zoologist finds that a species of salamander is doing quite well by
feeding mostly on guano in an Oklahoma cave.
Guano, it seems, is a rather nutritious, protein-rich substance
because bats don’t completely digest their food (mostly insects in this
case). The January-Stansbury Cave in northeastern Oklahoma is a summer
roost for about 15,000 endangered gray myotis, and these bats, through
their droppings, support an unusual and healthy subterranean ecosystem.
The discovery was described by Danté Fenolio, of the University of Oklahoma in Norman, in United Kingdom’s Proceedings of the Royal Society and reported online by firstname.lastname@example.org.
Fenolio led a research team into the cave to study its population of
grotto salamanders, a blind, colorless and carnivorous species. They
got a surprise when the salamanders regurgitated, as they often do when
handled. What they spit up was clearly bat droppings. The report said
they also saw salamanders feeding on the guano piles in the cave.
Some fish are known to eat the droppings of other species, but no
amphibians are known to do so. The salamanders in this cave apparently
learned to tap what proved to be a rich and easily obtained food
The researchers analyzed the guano for nutritional content and found
it to be surprisingly good: similar to the crustaceans that other
salamanders eat, “with a protein and mineral content that beats a
hamburger,” email@example.com said.